Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) has attracted much attention in the fields of biotechnology and medicine owing to its potential utility in clinical applications. Recently accumulating evidence has demonstrated that CAP influences protein structures. However, there remain open questions regarding the molecular mechanisms behind the CAP-induced structural perturbations of biomacromolecules. Here, we investigated the potential effects of CAP irradiation of amyloid β (Aβ), an amyloidogenic protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, we observed gradual spectral changes in Aβ after a 10 s CAP pretreatment, which also suppressed its fibril formation, as revealed by thioflavin T assay. As per mass spectrometric analyses, these effects were attributed to selective oxidation of the methionine residue (Met) at position 35. Interestingly, this modification occurred when Aβ was dissolved into a pre-irradiated buffer, indicating that some reactive species oxidize the Met residue. Our results strongly suggest that the H2O2 generated in the solution by CAP irradiation is responsible for Met oxidation, which inhibits Aβ amyloid formation. The findings of the present study provide fundamental insights into plasma biology, giving clues for developing novel applications of CAP.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry