The collisional effects on nonlinear coherent structures of zonal flows in a toroidal plasma are investigated. They weaken the flows and enhance turbulent transport. Expressions for the zonal flow velocity, scale length and the turbulent transport coefficients are obtained. In the limit of small collisional flow damping, the turbulent transport coefficient remains finite. A phase diagram is obtained, which shows the parameter domain where the zonal flow has finite amplitude.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics