Colloid transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia

Alexander P. Novikov, Stepan N. Kalmykov, Satoshi Utsunomiya, Rodney C. Ewing, François Horreard, Alex Merkulov, Sue B. Clark, Vladimir V. Tkachev, Boris F. Myasoedov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

292 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sorption of actinides, particularly plutonium, onto submicrometer-sized colloids increases their mobility, but these plutonium colloids are difficult to detect in the far-field. We identified actinides on colloids in the groundwater from the Mayak Production Association, Urals, Russia; at the source, the plutonium activity is ∼1000 becquerels per liter. Plutonium activities are still 0.16 becquerels per liter at a distance of 3 kilometers, where 70 to 90 mole percent of the plutonium is sorbed onto colloids, confirming that colloids are responsible for the long-distance transport of plutonium. Nano-secondary ion mass spectrometry elemental maps reveal that amorphous iron oxide colloids adsorb Pu(IV) hydroxides or carbonates along with uranium carbonates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)638-641
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume314
Issue number5799
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 27 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Plutonium
Russia
Colloids
Actinoid Series Elements
Carbonates
Hydroxides
Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry
Uranium
Groundwater

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Novikov, A. P., Kalmykov, S. N., Utsunomiya, S., Ewing, R. C., Horreard, F., Merkulov, A., ... Myasoedov, B. F. (2006). Colloid transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia. Science, 314(5799), 638-641. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1131307

Colloid transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia. / Novikov, Alexander P.; Kalmykov, Stepan N.; Utsunomiya, Satoshi; Ewing, Rodney C.; Horreard, François; Merkulov, Alex; Clark, Sue B.; Tkachev, Vladimir V.; Myasoedov, Boris F.

In: Science, Vol. 314, No. 5799, 27.10.2006, p. 638-641.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Novikov, AP, Kalmykov, SN, Utsunomiya, S, Ewing, RC, Horreard, F, Merkulov, A, Clark, SB, Tkachev, VV & Myasoedov, BF 2006, 'Colloid transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia', Science, vol. 314, no. 5799, pp. 638-641. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1131307
Novikov, Alexander P. ; Kalmykov, Stepan N. ; Utsunomiya, Satoshi ; Ewing, Rodney C. ; Horreard, François ; Merkulov, Alex ; Clark, Sue B. ; Tkachev, Vladimir V. ; Myasoedov, Boris F. / Colloid transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia. In: Science. 2006 ; Vol. 314, No. 5799. pp. 638-641.
@article{4f2ae5e00d9e4d18b3b677dca7086ed9,
title = "Colloid transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia",
abstract = "Sorption of actinides, particularly plutonium, onto submicrometer-sized colloids increases their mobility, but these plutonium colloids are difficult to detect in the far-field. We identified actinides on colloids in the groundwater from the Mayak Production Association, Urals, Russia; at the source, the plutonium activity is ∼1000 becquerels per liter. Plutonium activities are still 0.16 becquerels per liter at a distance of 3 kilometers, where 70 to 90 mole percent of the plutonium is sorbed onto colloids, confirming that colloids are responsible for the long-distance transport of plutonium. Nano-secondary ion mass spectrometry elemental maps reveal that amorphous iron oxide colloids adsorb Pu(IV) hydroxides or carbonates along with uranium carbonates.",
author = "Novikov, {Alexander P.} and Kalmykov, {Stepan N.} and Satoshi Utsunomiya and Ewing, {Rodney C.} and Fran{\cc}ois Horreard and Alex Merkulov and Clark, {Sue B.} and Tkachev, {Vladimir V.} and Myasoedov, {Boris F.}",
year = "2006",
month = "10",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1126/science.1131307",
language = "English",
volume = "314",
pages = "638--641",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5799",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Colloid transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia

AU - Novikov, Alexander P.

AU - Kalmykov, Stepan N.

AU - Utsunomiya, Satoshi

AU - Ewing, Rodney C.

AU - Horreard, François

AU - Merkulov, Alex

AU - Clark, Sue B.

AU - Tkachev, Vladimir V.

AU - Myasoedov, Boris F.

PY - 2006/10/27

Y1 - 2006/10/27

N2 - Sorption of actinides, particularly plutonium, onto submicrometer-sized colloids increases their mobility, but these plutonium colloids are difficult to detect in the far-field. We identified actinides on colloids in the groundwater from the Mayak Production Association, Urals, Russia; at the source, the plutonium activity is ∼1000 becquerels per liter. Plutonium activities are still 0.16 becquerels per liter at a distance of 3 kilometers, where 70 to 90 mole percent of the plutonium is sorbed onto colloids, confirming that colloids are responsible for the long-distance transport of plutonium. Nano-secondary ion mass spectrometry elemental maps reveal that amorphous iron oxide colloids adsorb Pu(IV) hydroxides or carbonates along with uranium carbonates.

AB - Sorption of actinides, particularly plutonium, onto submicrometer-sized colloids increases their mobility, but these plutonium colloids are difficult to detect in the far-field. We identified actinides on colloids in the groundwater from the Mayak Production Association, Urals, Russia; at the source, the plutonium activity is ∼1000 becquerels per liter. Plutonium activities are still 0.16 becquerels per liter at a distance of 3 kilometers, where 70 to 90 mole percent of the plutonium is sorbed onto colloids, confirming that colloids are responsible for the long-distance transport of plutonium. Nano-secondary ion mass spectrometry elemental maps reveal that amorphous iron oxide colloids adsorb Pu(IV) hydroxides or carbonates along with uranium carbonates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750473397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33750473397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.1131307

DO - 10.1126/science.1131307

M3 - Article

C2 - 17068260

AN - SCOPUS:33750473397

VL - 314

SP - 638

EP - 641

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5799

ER -