Background/Aims: To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intraoperative radiation for carcinomas of the bile duct and ampulla of Vater. Methodology: Postoperative morbidity, mortality and survival of patients undergoing surgical resection of ampullary cancer (n=19) and bile duct cancer (n=28) were retrospectively compared between two groups with and without intraoperative radiation. Results: Background items (age, gender, preoperative laboratory data, operative time and bleeding volume, tumor stage) did not differ significantly between the two groups. The predominant postoperative complication was leakage of pancreatic juice, which occurred in similar rates in both groups. No significant differences were noted in the 3-year survival rates between the resection plus intraoperative radiation group and resection alone group (60.0% (n=5) vs. 50.1% (n=13) for ampullary cancer; 0% (n=4) vs. 27.1% (n=24) for bile duct cancer, respectively). The main causes of recurrence were distant metastasis for ampullary cancer and microscopic residue of carcinoma for bile duct cancer. Conclusions: The combination of intraoperative radiation and resection may add no significant benefit to patients with ampullary and bile duct cancer when compared with resection alone.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2003|
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