Comparative studies of asparagine-linked oligosaccharide structures of rat liver microsomal and lysosomal β-glucuronidases

Tsuguo Mizuochi, Yukio Nishimura, Keitaro Kato, Akira Kobata

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Abstract

The sugar chains of microsomal and lysosomal β-glucuronidases of rat liver were studied by endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase H digestion and by hydrazinolysis. Only a part of the oligosaccharides released from microsomal β-glucuronidase was an acidic component. The acidic component was not hydrolyzed by sialidase and by calf intestinal and Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatases, but was converted to a neutral component by phosphatase digestion after mild acid treatment indicating the presence of a phosphodiester group. The neutral oligosaccharide portion of microsomal enzyme was a mixture of five high mannose-type sugar chains: (Manα1 → 2)0~4 [Manα1 → 6(Manα1 → 3)Manα1 → 6(Manα1 → 3)Manβ1 → 4GlcNAcβ1 → 4GlcNAc]. In contrast, lysosomal enzyme contains only Manα1 → 6 (Manα1 → 3) Manα1 → 6(Manα1 → 3) Manβ1 → 4GlcNAcβ1 → 4GlcNAc. The result indicates that removal of α1 → 2-linked mannosyl residues from (Manα1 → 2)4[Manα1 → 6(Manα1 → 3)Manα1 → 6(Manα1 → 3)Manβ1 → 4GlcNAcβ1 → 4GlcNAc → Asn] starts already in the endoplasmic reticulum of rat liver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-303
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume209
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1981

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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