Comparative study of isotropic and mesophase pitches derived from C9 alkylbenzenes

Akemi Sakanishi, Yozo Korai, Isao Mochida, Kazuhiro Yanagida, M. Noda, I. Thunori, kazuhito Tate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A series of pitches prepared from C9 aromatic hydrocarbons through CH2 coupling and successive heat treatments of variable severity were analyzed by NMR and FD-MS. The molecular species of mesophase pitch (toluene soluble fraction) are cata-condensed aromatic hydrocarbons, principally with 7 to 11 rings. Detailed 13C-NMR analyses indicate some bends in cata-type ring arrangement. The heat treatment decreased the number of methyl groups and di-methylene bridges in the ring skeleton of unchanged size, thereby reducing the solubility and enhancing the ordered stacking of aromatic planes. The major differences in the isotropic and anisotropic pitches were found principally in their hexane soluble (HS) fractions. The isotropic pitch fraction contained many more methyl groups and methylene bridges, which hinder the stacking of hexane insoluble (HI) aromatic molecules by occupying interlayer positions. In contrast, the same fraction in the anisotropic pitch is included between the layers of HI molecules to exhibit anisotropy. Natures of lyotropic liquid crystal are emphasized, being influenced slightly by the structure of its components.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalCarbon
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1992

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Hexanes
Hexane
Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Aromatic hydrocarbons
Heat treatment
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Liquid Crystals
Molecules
Toluene
Liquid crystals
Anisotropy
Solubility

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Sakanishi, A., Korai, Y., Mochida, I., Yanagida, K., Noda, M., Thunori, I., & Tate, K. (1992). Comparative study of isotropic and mesophase pitches derived from C9 alkylbenzenes. Carbon, 30(3), 459-466. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6223(92)90044-W

Comparative study of isotropic and mesophase pitches derived from C9 alkylbenzenes. / Sakanishi, Akemi; Korai, Yozo; Mochida, Isao; Yanagida, Kazuhiro; Noda, M.; Thunori, I.; Tate, kazuhito.

In: Carbon, Vol. 30, No. 3, 01.01.1992, p. 459-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakanishi, A, Korai, Y, Mochida, I, Yanagida, K, Noda, M, Thunori, I & Tate, K 1992, 'Comparative study of isotropic and mesophase pitches derived from C9 alkylbenzenes', Carbon, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 459-466. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6223(92)90044-W
Sakanishi A, Korai Y, Mochida I, Yanagida K, Noda M, Thunori I et al. Comparative study of isotropic and mesophase pitches derived from C9 alkylbenzenes. Carbon. 1992 Jan 1;30(3):459-466. https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6223(92)90044-W
Sakanishi, Akemi ; Korai, Yozo ; Mochida, Isao ; Yanagida, Kazuhiro ; Noda, M. ; Thunori, I. ; Tate, kazuhito. / Comparative study of isotropic and mesophase pitches derived from C9 alkylbenzenes. In: Carbon. 1992 ; Vol. 30, No. 3. pp. 459-466.
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