Atherosclerotic lesions of the thoracic aorta were induced in exogenously hypercholesterolemic (ExHC) rats by treating initially with hypervitamin D2 and subsequently feeding on hypercholesterolemic diets for 180 days. Dietary soybean protein, in comparison with casein, substantially decreased the degree of atherosclerotic lesions, which was evaluated by intimai thickening, although with a similar topographical distribution. The casein-fed rats tended to maintain a high concentration of serum cholesterol, particularly in triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins. The concentrations of apo A-I and TBARS in the serum was comparable between the dietary protein groups. The data suggest that dietary soybean protein, compared to casein, produced lipoproteins which were less atherosclerotic by partitioning cholesterol in the triacylglycerol-poor lipoproteins.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry