No previous studies comparing the clinical wear rates of the two different kinds of cross-linked ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (XLPE), annealed and remelted, are available. We compared the creep and steady wear rates of 36 matched pairs (72 hips in total) adjusting for baseline characteristics with propensity score matching techniques. Zirconia femoral heads with 26-mm diameter were used in all cases. The femoral-head cup penetration was measured digitally on radiographs. Significantly greater creep ( p=0.006) was detected in the remelted (0.234 mm) than annealed (0.159 mm) XLPE. However, no significant difference ( p=0.19) was found between the steady wear rates (0.003 and 0.008 mm/year, respectively) of the annealed and remelted XLPE. Multiple regression analyses showed that remelted XLPE is significant independent variable ( p<0.001) that is positively associated with creep. However, the patient age and body weight, cup size, the liner thickness, cup inclination, follow-up periods, and postoperative Merle d'Aubigné hip score had no significant effects ( p>0.05) on the steady wear rates. No patients exhibited above the osteolysis threshold of 0.1 mm/year, progressive radiolucencies, osteolysis, or polyethylene fracture. This[U+3000]propensity-matched cohort study document no significant difference in wear resistant performances of annealed and remelted XLPE over an average period of 10 years.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1 2016|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials