Comparison of bleeding risks related to venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in laparoscopic vs open colorectal cancer surgery: a multicenter study in Japanese patients

Masayoshi Yasui, Masataka Ikeda, Masakazu Miyake, Yoshihito Ide, Masaki Okuyama, Tatsushi Shingai, Kotaro Kitani, Masakazu Ikenaga, Junichi Hasegawa, Hiroki Akamatsu, Kohei Murata, Ichiro Takemasa, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Mitsugu Sekimoto, Riichiro Nezu, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Venous thromboembolism is the most common preventable cause of hospital death. The objective of this study was to clarify risk factors for postoperative bleeding related to thromboprophylaxis after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. Methods The study was conducted at 23 Japanese institutions and included patients with colorectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic or open surgery followed by fondaparinux treatment. We performed a retrospective analysis from a prospectively maintained database. We used multivariate analyses to evaluate clinical risk factors for prophylaxis-related bleeding events. Results After multivariate analysis, male gender, intraoperative blood loss of less than 25 mL, and a preoperative platelet count below 15 × 104/μL were found to be independent risk factors in the laparoscopic surgery group. Only the preoperative platelet count was an independent risk factor in the open surgery group. Conclusions Different prophylactic treatments for postoperative venous thromboembolism may be necessary in laparoscopic vs open surgery for colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume213
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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