Comparison of feature vector compositions to enhance the performance of NIRS-BCI-triggered robotic hand orthosis for post-stroke motor recovery

Jongseung Lee, Nobutaka Mukae, Jumpei Arata, Koji Iihara, Makoto Hashizume

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, brain-computer interfaces, combined with feedback systems and goal-oriented training, have been investigated for their capacity to promote functional recovery after stroke. Accordingly, we developed a brain-computer interface-triggered robotic hand orthosis that assists hand-closing and hand-opening for post-stroke patients without sufficient motor output. In this system, near-infrared spectroscopy is used to monitor the affected motor cortex, and a linear discriminant analysis-based binary classifier estimates hand posture. The estimated posture then wirelessly triggers the robotic hand orthosis. For better performance of the brain-computer interface, we tested feature windows of different lengths and varying feature vector compositions with motor execution data from seven neurologically intact participants. The interaction between a feature window and a delay in the hemodynamic response significantly affected both classification accuracy (Matthew Correlation Coefficient) and detection latency. The 'preserving channels' feature vector was able to increase accuracy by 13.14% and decrease latency by 29.48%, relative to averaging. Oxyhemoglobin combined with deoxyhemoglobin improved accuracy by 3.71% and decreased latency by 6.01% relative to oxyhemoglobin alone. Thus, the best classification performance resulted in an accuracy of 0.7154 and a latency of 2.8515 s. The hand rehabilitation system was successfully implemented using this feature vector composition, which yielded better classification performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3845
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of feature vector compositions to enhance the performance of NIRS-BCI-triggered robotic hand orthosis for post-stroke motor recovery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this