Comparison of microstructures in electroformed copper liners of shaped charges before and after plastic deformation at different strain rates

W. H. Tian, A. L. Fan, H. Y. Gao, J. Luo, Z. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transmission electron microscopy observations of the recovered slugs of electroformed copper liner materials that had undergone high-strain-rate deformation show the existence of a wide range of crystal defects, including vacancy clusters and porosity. Cellular structures formed by tangled dislocations and subgrain boundaries consisting of dislocation arrays were also detected. Electron backscattering Kikuchi pattern technique analysis reveals that the fibrous texture observed in the as-formed copper liners of shaped charges disappeared after explosive detonation deformation. In a specimen that had been plastically deformed at a normal strain rate (4 × 10-4 s-1), a high density of dislocations was observed within grains. These experimental results indicate that dynamic recovery and recrystallization play an important role during high-strain-rate deformation by virtue of a temperature increase in the deformation process, whereas the conventional slip mechanism operates during deformation at the normal strain rates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume350
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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