Comparison of nutritional composition of premature, mature and de-hulled barley in Korea

Lu Jing Gan, Xiang Yu Wang, Dan Yang, Jung Ah Shin, Ki Teak Lee, Jeung Hee Lee, Takeo Yamakawa, Jin Woong Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

So far, there are lots of paper reported the nutritional composition of mature barley and de-hulled barley, but little research on premature barley. For the purpose of exploring nutritional potential of premature barley, we analyzed the nutritional status of premature green, mature yellow, and de-hulled barley grown in the Jeollabuk-Do Agricultural Research & Extension Services (Iksan, Korea). Compared to de-hulled and mature barley, premature barley contained higher amounts of lysine (41.46 mg g-1 protein), total essential amino acids (351.75 mg g-1 protein), vitamin C (0.93mg 100 g-1 DW), vitamin B2 (0.10mg 100g-1 DW), and vitamin B3 (2.16mg 100g-1 DW), and β-carotene (69.79μg 100g-1 DW) was only detected in premature barley. Statistically higher quantities of Na and K were present in premature barley compared to the other two grain-types (P ≤ 0.05), whereas mature barley contained the highest amount of P and Fe (P ≤ 0.05). All three grain-types contained similar levels of Ca and Cu. Mature barley contained the highest betaine and choline (49.44mg 100 g-1 DW and 34.61 mg 100g-1 DW, respectively). The results indicate that premature barley is nutritionally superior to de-hulled barley.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University
Volume60
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparison of nutritional composition of premature, mature and de-hulled barley in Korea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Gan, L. J., Wang, X. Y., Yang, D., Shin, J. A., Lee, K. T., Lee, J. H., Yamakawa, T., & Cho, J. W. (2015). Comparison of nutritional composition of premature, mature and de-hulled barley in Korea. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 60(1), 57-63.