Comparison of PLGA reinforcement method for carbonate apatite foam

Girlie M. Munar, Melvin L. Munar, Kanji Tsuru, Kunio Ishikawa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbonate apatite (CO3Ap) foam with interconnecting porous structure is a potential candidate as bone substitute material owing to its similarity to the cancellous bone with respect to composition, morphology and osteoclastic degradation. However, it is brittle and difficult to handle. This is thought to be caused by no organic material in the CO3Ap foam. The aim of this study is to reinforce the CO3Ap foam with poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA). Immersion and vacuum infiltration methods were compared as reinforcing methods. Compressive strength of unreinforced CO3Ap foam, (12.0 ± 4.9 kPa) increased after PLGA reinforcement by immersion (187.6 ± 57.6 kPa) or by vacuum infiltration (407 ± 111.4 kPa). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed the preservation of full interconnecting porous structure of CO3Ap foam after PLGA reinforcement using immersion or vacuum infiltration. Interface between the PLGA and CO3Ap foam, however revealed that no gap was found between the PLGA and CO3Ap foam interface when vacuum was used to reinforce the PLGA whereas a gap was found when simple immersion was used. Strong interface between PLGA and CO3Ap foam is therefore thought to be the key for higher compressive strength. In conclusion, vacuum infiltration is a more efficient method to reinforce the CO3Ap foam with PLGA for improving the mechanical strength without sacrificing the cancellous bone-type morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBioceramics 24
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages417-420
Number of pages4
Edition1
ISBN (Print)9783037855171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event24th Symposium and Annual Meeting of International Society for Ceramics in Medicine, ISCM 2012 - Fukuoka, Japan
Duration: Oct 21 2012Oct 24 2012

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Number1
Volume529-530
ISSN (Print)1013-9826
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9795

Other

Other24th Symposium and Annual Meeting of International Society for Ceramics in Medicine, ISCM 2012
CountryJapan
CityFukuoka
Period10/21/1210/24/12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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