Comparison of simultaneous quantitative analysis of methylmercury and inorganic mercury in cord blood using LC-ICP-MS and LC-CVAFS: The pilot study of the Japan environment and children’s study

Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Yayoi Kobayashi, Tomohiko Isobe, Shoji F. Nakayama, Makiko Sekiyama, Yu Taniguchi, Shin Yamazaki, Takehiro Michikawa, Masako Oda, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Masafumi Sanefuji, Shouichi Ohga, Nathan Mise, Akihiko Ikegami, Reiko Suga, Masayuki Shimono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prenatal exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) affects child development after birth. However, many epidemiological studies have evaluated total mercury levels without analyzing speciation. Biomonitoring of MeHg and inorganic mercury (IHg) is essential to reveal each exposure level. In this study, we compared a high-throughput analysis for mercury speciation in blood using liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS) and liquid chromatography-cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometry (LC-CVAFS). The validated LC-ICPMS method was applied to 101 maternal blood and 366 cord blood samples in the pilot study of the Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS). The accuracy of the LC-CVAFS method ranged 90-115% determined by reference material analysis. To evaluate the reliability of 366 cord blood samples, fifty cord blood samples were randomly selected and analyzed using LC-CVAFS. The median (5th-95th percentile) concentrations of MeHg and IHg were 5.4 (1.9-15) and 0.33 (0.12-0.86) ng/mL, respectively, in maternal blood, and 6.3 (2.5-15) and 0.21 (0.08-0.49) ng/mL, respectively, in cord blood. Inter-laboratory comparison showed a relatively good agreement between LC-ICP-MS and LC-CVAFS. The median cord blood:maternal blood ratios of MeHg and IHg were 1.3 and 0.5, respectively. By analyzing speciation, we could focus on the health effects of each chemical form.

Original languageEnglish
Article number82
JournalToxics
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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