Comparison of soil moisture dynamics between a tropical rain forest and a tropical seasonal forest in Southeast Asia: Impact of seasonal and year-to-year variations in rainfall

Tomo'omi Kumagai, Natsuko Yoshifuji, Nobuaki Tanaka, Masakazu Suzuki, Tomonori Kume

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Abstract

We examined the impact of both seasonal and year-to-year variations in precipitation on simulated soil moisture dynamics at a tropical rain forest (TRF) site and a tropical seasonal forest (TSF) site in Southeast Asia, between which there is a clear difference in the precipitation regime, through a probabilistic ecohydrological model. All model parameters have apparent physical meaning and were obtained by field observations. Rainfall statistics as the primary model forcing terms were constructed from long-term rainfall records, and their analysis revealed a close relationship between drought and El Niño events at the TRF site and a long-term drying trend at the TSF site. The model results further demonstrated that the studied ecosystem's robustness (mainly concerning the plant water availability) are attributed to functional factors such as soil texture for the TRF site and rooting depth and the dry season use of water from the preceding wet season for the TSF site.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberW04413
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2009

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology

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