Comparison of the antiviral potential among soluble forms of herpes simplex virus type-2 glycoprotein D receptors, herpes virus entry mediator a, nectin-1 and nectin-2, in transgenic mice

Yoshikazu Fujimoto, Yukiko Tomioka, Kinuyo Ozaki, Keiko Takeda, Haruka Suyama, Sayo Yamamoto, Hiroki Takakuwa, Masami Morimatsu, Toshimitsu Uede, Etsuro Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herpesvirus entry mediator A (HVEM), nectin-1 and nectin-2 are cellular receptors of glycoprotein D (gD) of herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2). It has been shown that soluble forms of HSV gD receptors have the antiviral potential in cultured cells and transgenic mice. Here, to compare antiviral potential of soluble forms of HVEM, nectin-1 and nectin-2 against HSV-2 infections in vivo, transgenic mice expressing fusion proteins consisting of the entire ectodomain of HVEM, nectin-1 or nectin-2 and the Fc portion of human IgG (HVEMIg, nectin-1Ig and nectin-2Ig, respectively) were intraperitoneally infected with HSV-2. In the infection with 3 MLD50 (50 % mouse lethal dose), effective resistance was not observed in transgenic mice expressing nectin2Ig. In a transgenic mouse line with high expression of nectin-1Ig, significant protection from the infection with 30 and 300 MLD50 was observed (survival rate of 100 and 71 %, respectively). On the other hand, transgenic mice expressing HVEMIg showed a complete resistance to the lethal infection even with 300 MLD50 (survival rate of 100 %). These results demonstrated that HVEMIg could exert effective antiviral activities against HSV-2 infections in vivo as compared with other soluble forms of HSV gD receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number000804
Pages (from-to)1815-1822
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume98
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

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