Objectives: To assess predictive value of patient characteristics and severity of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) patients for clinical outcomes, and thereby estimate risk-adjusted clinical outcomes and compare the outcomes across hospitals. Methods: We selected 256 aneurysmal SAH patients from eight teaching hospitals in Japan. The clinical outcomes of patients at the time of discharge were assessed by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictors for the GOS status at the time of discharge. The risk-adjusted proportion of patients with a favourable GOS outcome was then estimated for each facility and compared across hospitals. Results: The logistic regression analysis revealed that younger age (P < 0.001), patients with good World Federations of Neurological Surgeons grade at admission (P < 0.001) and absence of chronic renal failure or ischaemic heart disease as a comorbid condition (P < 0.001) were identified as significant predictors for favourable GOS outcome at the time of discharge among aneurysmal SAH patients (C statistic = 0.88). We found that one hospital had significantly better outcomes than the others. Conclusion: After comparison of risk-adjusted values across hospitals, the clinical management methods of the hospital that showed the best performance were examined and shared among providers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health