Compartmentation and localization of bioactive metabolites in different organs of Allium roylei

Mostafa Abdelrahman, Sho Hirata, Shin Ichi Ito, Naoki Yamauchi, Masayoshi Shigyo

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18 Citations (Scopus)


To investigate the involvement of Allium roylei metabolites in the plant's defenses, a comprehensive analysis of the content of cysteine sulfoxides, flavonols, polyphenols, ascorbic acid, and saponins was carried out in the various organs of this species. Metabolomics high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), spectral-based analysis, and histochemcial studies have given important insight to the validity of saponins as a key component involved in plant protection. The root-basal stem, bulb, and leaf extracts exhibited 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity with inhibition concentration (IC50) ranging from 0.649 to 0.757 mg/mL. The antimicrobial properties of the saponin and flavonoid crude extracts were evaluated. The saponin extracts demonstrated significant antifungal activity depending on the applied concentration, and the growth inhibition rate of the tested fungal pathogens ranged from 1.07 to 47.76%. No appreciable antibacterial activity was recorded in the same sample.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1112-1122
Number of pages11
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry


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