Complex metal hydrides for hydrogen, thermal and electrochemical energy storage

Kasper T. Møller, Drew Sheppard, Dorthe B. Ravnsbæk, Craig E. Buckley, Etsuo Akiba, Hai Wen Li, Torben R. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogen has a very diverse chemistry and reacts with most other elements to form compounds, which have fascinating structures, compositions and properties. Complex metal hydrides are a rapidly expanding class of materials, approaching multi-functionality, in particular within the energy storage field. This review illustrates that complex metal hydrides may store hydrogen in the solid state, act as novel battery materials, both as electrolytes and electrode materials, or store solar heat in a more efficient manner as compared to traditional heat storage materials. Furthermore, it is highlighted how complex metal hydrides may act in an integrated setup with a fuel cell. This review focuses on the unique properties of light element complex metal hydrides mainly based on boron, nitrogen and aluminum, e.g., metal borohydrides and metal alanates. Our hope is that this review can provide new inspiration to solve the great challenge of our time: efficient conversion and large-scale storage of renewable energy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1645
JournalEnergies
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Møller, K. T., Sheppard, D., Ravnsbæk, D. B., Buckley, C. E., Akiba, E., Li, H. W., & Jensen, T. R. (2017). Complex metal hydrides for hydrogen, thermal and electrochemical energy storage. Energies, 10(10), [1645]. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101645