## Abstract

We propose to use the complex-range Gaussian basis functions, {r ^{l}e^{-(1±iω)(r/rn )2}Y _{lm}(r); r_{n}in a geometric progression}, in the calculation of three-body resonances with the complexscaling method (CSM), in which use is often made of the real-range Gaussian basis functions, {r^{l}e ^{-(r/rn )2}Y_{lm}(r)}, which are suitable for describing the short-distance structure and the asymptotic decaying behavior of few-body systems. The former basis set is more powerful than the latter when describing the resonant and nonresonant continuum states with highly oscillating amplitudes at large scaling angles θ. We applied the new basis functions to the CSM calculation of the 3α resonances with J = 0^{+} , 2^{+}, and 4^{+}in ^{12}C. The eigenvalue distribution of the complex-scaled Hamiltonian becomes more precise and the maximum scaling angle becomes drastically larger (θ_{max} = 16° 36°) than those given by the use of the real-range Gaussians. Owing to these advantages, we were able to confirm the prediction by Kurokawa and Kato [Phys. Rev. C 71, 021301 (2005)] on the appearance of the new broad 0+ 3 state; we show it as an explicit resonance pole isolated from the 3α continuum.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 073D02 |

Journal | Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics |

Volume | 2013 |

Issue number | 7 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jul 2013 |

Externally published | Yes |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Physics and Astronomy(all)