Computational magnetohydrodynamics of turbulence, dynamos, and jet formation in differentially rotating astrophysical disks

Ryoji Matsumoto, Mami Machida, Mitsuru Hayashi, Kazunari Shibata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We present the results of three-dimensional global magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of differentially rotating astrophysical disks. We simulate the time evolution of the disk by using a parallelized three-dimensional MHD code. Typical number of grid points is (Nr, Nφ, Nz) = (200, 64, 240) in a cylindrical coordinate system. We found that when the initial magnetic field is toroidal and weak (β = Pgas/Pmag ≫ 1), magnetic energy is amplified exponentially due to the dynamo action driven by the magnetorotational instability. In the nonlinear stage, magnetic turbulence excited in the disk tangles magnetic field lines. We found that the amplification of magnetic energy saturates when β ∼ 10 and that the system approaches a quasi-steady state. Inside the disk, filamentary shaped, magnetic pressure dominated (β < 1) regions appear. Magnetic energy release in low-β regions leads to violent time variations of X-ray emission from the disk. When the initial magnetic field is poloidal, magnetically driven collimated jet emanates from the surface of the disk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)632-637
Number of pages6
JournalProgress of Theoretical Physics Supplement
Issue number138
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

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rotating generators
magnetohydrodynamics
astrophysics
turbulence
magnetic fields
magnetohydrodynamic simulation
quasi-steady states
cylindrical coordinates
energy
grids
x rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Computational magnetohydrodynamics of turbulence, dynamos, and jet formation in differentially rotating astrophysical disks. / Matsumoto, Ryoji; Machida, Mami; Hayashi, Mitsuru; Shibata, Kazunari.

In: Progress of Theoretical Physics Supplement, No. 138, 01.01.2000, p. 632-637.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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