The purpose of this study was to develop a computerized method for detection of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions in brain magnetic resonance (MR) images. We have proposed a new false positive reduction scheme, which consisted of a rule-based method, a level set method, and a support vector machine. We applied the proposed method to 49 slices selected from 6 studies of three MS cases including 168 MS lesions. As a result, the sensitivity for detection of MS lesions was 81.5% with 2.9 false positives per slice based on a leave-one-candidate-out test, and the similarity index between MS regions determined by the proposed method and neuroradiologists was 0.768 on average. These results indicate the proposed method would be useful for assisting neuroradiologists in assessing the MS in clinical practice.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Health Informatics
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design