Concurrent thermal conductivity measurement and internal structure observation of individual one-dimensional materials using scanning transmission electron microscopy

Dawei Li, Qin Yi Li, Tatsuya Ikuta, Koji Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal conductivity of individual nanomaterials can vary from sample to sample due to the difference in geometries and internal structures, and thus, concurrent structure observation and thermal conductivity measurement at the nanoscale are highly desired but challenging. Here, we have developed an experimental method that allows concurrently the in situ thermal conductivity measurement and the real-time internal structure observation of a single one-dimensional (1D) material using scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) in a scanning electron microscope. In this method, the two ends of the 1D nanomaterial are bonded on a tungsten probe and a suspended platinum nanofilm, respectively. The platinum nanofilm serves simultaneously as a heater and a resistance thermometer, ensuring highly sensitive thermal measurements. The platinum nanofilm is fabricated on the edge of the silicon wafer so that the electron beam can transmit through the 1D material and be detected by the STEM detector, which caters for real-time observation of the inner nanostructure. Using this method, we in situ measured the thermal conductivities of two cup-stacked carbon nanotubes and concurrently observed the internal hollow structures. We found that the sample with more structural disorders had a lower thermal conductivity. Our measurement method can pave the way to the sample-by-sample elucidation of the structure-property relationship for 1D materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043104
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume120
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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