An increase in the ion temperature due to transport improvement has been observed in plasmas heated with high-energy negative-ion-based neutral beam injection (NBI), in which the electrons are dominantly heated, in the Large Helical Device. When centrally focused electron-cyclotron-resonance heating is superposed on the NBI plasma, the ion temperature is observed to rise, accompanied by the formation of the electron internal transport barrier (electron-ITB). In the electron-ITB plasmas, an increase in a positive radial electric field is observed, and the transport analysis indicates that the ion transport in the half-radius region is improved with a reduction of the anomalous transport. Thus, this ion temperature rise is ascribed to the ion transport improvement by the transition to the neoclassical electron root. In high-Z plasmas, the ion temperature is increased with an increase in the ion heating power and reaches 13.5 keV. The central ion temperature increases with an increase in a gradient of the electron temperature in an outer plasma region of ρ = 0.8, suggesting the ion transport improvement in the outer plasma region induced by the neoclassical electron root. These results indicate the effectiveness of the electron-root scenario for obtaining high-ion temperature plasmas in helical systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics