Conodont and radiolarian biostratigraphic age constraints on Carnian (Upper Triassic) chert-hosted stratiform manganese deposits from Panthalassa: Formation of deep-sea mineral resources during the Carnian pluvial episode

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Abstract

Numerous stratiform manganese deposits occur in the Permian to Jurassic bedded chert successions of the Jurassic accretionary complexes of the Chichibu, Mino–Tamba, and North Kitakami belts in Japan. These accretionary complexes consist of deep-sea sediments accumulated in a pelagic, open-ocean setting within the Panthalassa Ocean. Although the depositional ages and processes of the Permian and Jurassic manganese deposits in these accretionary complexes have been studied, the Triassic bedded chert-hosted stratiform manganese deposits are poorly understood. We investigated the occurrence and stratigraphic distribution of Triassic stratiform manganese deposits in Japan, constraining their ages by means of integrated conodont–radiolarian biostratigraphy. On the basis of the conodont and radiolarian biostratigraphies, the depositional age of the Triassic manganese deposits was constrained to the latest Julian to earliest Tuvalian (mid-Carnian). This age indicates that the formation of the Triassic manganese deposits occurred contemporaneously with the last eruptive phase of the Wrangellia Large Igneous Province (LIP) volcanism and subsequent changes in the deep-sea redox conditions in the Panthalassa Ocean during the Carnian pluvial episode (CPE). Therefore, these manganese deposits may have been formed with the hydrothermal activity associated with the eruption of the Wrangellia LIP and/or the subsequent changes in marine redox conditions in the CPE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102084
JournalMarine Micropaleontology
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Palaeontology

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