Permeable reactive barrier (PRB) column tests for removal of borate were carried out over 287days corresponding to 76 pore volumes (pv), using MgO agglomerates as the primary reactive material, with and without boron-specific resin (CRB05). Adding 3 (% v/v) CRB05 increased the column shelf life (the time until effluent contains the maximum boron concentration for drinking water) by about 50%, and increased boron accumulation within the column by 15% over 76pv. The quantities of boron captured were 15-17mg/g-CRB05, and 1-2mg-B/g-MgO, decreasing with increasing distance along the column. Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction patterns from solid residues after 76pv revealed that 69-78% of the MgO was transformed into Mg(OH)2 independent of distance along the column, implying that hydration of MgO is not always associated with integration of borate. 11B-NMR spectra demonstrated that trigonal B (B) is predominantly immobilized in Mg(OH)2 in both columns, while tetragonal B (B) is largely trapped in the added CRB05. The complexed forms of B with the N-methylglucamine group after 76pv were mostly bischelate, with some monodentate. CRB05 contributed to immobilization of B (which is difficult to react with MgO), however, the resin surface was gradually covered with Mg(OH)2 and inactivated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Science(all)
- Water Science and Technology
- Mechanical Engineering