Horse heart myoglobin was reconstituted with mesohemin derivatives methylated at the 6- or 7-position to evaluate the role of the heme-6-propionate or heme-7-propionate side chain in the protein. The association and dissociation of the O2 binding for the deoxymyoglobin with 6-methyl-7-propionate mesoheme are clearly accelerated. Furthermore, the myoglobin with 6-methyl-7-propionate mesoheme shows fast autoxidation from oxymyoglobin to metmyoglobin compared to the myoglobin with 6-propionate-7-methyl heme and the reference protein. These results indicate the 6-propionate plays an important physiological role in the stabilization of oxymyoglobin because of the formation of a salt-bridge with the Lys45. The acceleration of CO binding rate is observed for the myoglobin with 6-propionate-7-methyl mesoheme, suggesting that the replacement of the 7-propionate with a methyl group has an influence on the His93-heme iron coordination. The structural perturbation of His93 imidazole was also supported by 1H NMR spectra of cyanide and deoxy forms of the myoglobin with 6-propionate-7-methyl mesoheme. Thus, it is found that the 7-propionate regulates the hydrogen-bonding network and His93-heme iron coordination in the proximal site.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Inorganic Chemistry