Contribution of militarine and dactylorhin A to the plant growth-inhibitory activity of a weed-suppressing orchid, Bletilla striata

Emi Sakuno, Tsunashi Kamo, Tomoko Takemura, Hajime Sugie, Syuntaro Hiradate, Yoshiharu Fujii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The methanol extract of Bletilla striata, an ornamental orchid in eastern Asia, exhibited plant growth-inhibitory activity. It was purified by continuous chromatography, based on the inhibitory activity against the growth of lettuce seedlings, resulting in two glycosidic compounds, militarine and dactylorhin A. The EC50 values of militarine and dactylorhin A against the radicle elongation of the lettuce seedlings were 0.28 and 0.88-mmol-L-1, respectively. The amount of militarine and dactylorhin A in the methanol extract of the aerial part of B. striata was calculated to be 5.6 and 7.5-mg-g-1 fresh weight, respectively. The inhibitory activity of militarine and its content in the methanol extract revealed that the plant growth-inhibitory activity of the extract of B. striata was mainly related to militarine. The inhibitory activity of militarine against the growth of Italian ryegrass and timothy were of the same level as that of lettuce.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-207
Number of pages6
JournalWeed Biology and Management
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2010

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Bletilla striata
weeds
plant growth
lettuce
methanol
extracts
seedlings
Lolium multiflorum
East Asia
aerial parts
chromatography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Contribution of militarine and dactylorhin A to the plant growth-inhibitory activity of a weed-suppressing orchid, Bletilla striata. / Sakuno, Emi; Kamo, Tsunashi; Takemura, Tomoko; Sugie, Hajime; Hiradate, Syuntaro; Fujii, Yoshiharu.

In: Weed Biology and Management, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.09.2010, p. 202-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakuno, Emi ; Kamo, Tsunashi ; Takemura, Tomoko ; Sugie, Hajime ; Hiradate, Syuntaro ; Fujii, Yoshiharu. / Contribution of militarine and dactylorhin A to the plant growth-inhibitory activity of a weed-suppressing orchid, Bletilla striata. In: Weed Biology and Management. 2010 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 202-207.
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