The ratio of the Balmer-β emission intensity from the 4p sublevel to the total Balmer-β emission intensity from H(n=4) produced in electron-H2, CHF3, CH4 and C3H 8 collisions has been determined by carrying out Balmer-β-Lyman- α coincidence measurements as a function of the incident electron energy. As a result, the 4p ratio in these molecules has been found to be about 14% at an incident electron energy of 100 eV and identical in all molecules. There is a significant difference in the dependence of the 4p ratio on the incident electron energy; for example, the 4p ratio in the CHF3 case decreases to 0% at 30 and 35 eV and increases to 90% at 25 eV; in contrast, that in the C3H8 case is 0% at 37 and 40 eV and 13% at 33 eV. Such dramatic dependence cannot be explained on the basis of the Stark effect caused by stray electric fields and by the partial polarization of the Balmer-β and Lyman-α emissions. The dissociation through the neutral superexcited states of these molecules causes the dramatic dependence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry