A phenomenon that a CO2 peak position or temperature peak position of combustion (CO2 or temperature peak position) in the raceway of blast furnace approaches a tuyere in step with the increase of pulverized coal rate (PCR) changes a gas flow at the lower part of the furnace into a peripheral flow or lowers the temperature at the raceway end, which may be one of the factors making the furnace operation unstable. Therefore, a pulverized coal combustion method (dual lance air curtain method) which interrupts temporarily a contact of pulverized coal and hot air in the vicinity of lance tip by injecting cold air through an opening between inner and outer tubes of the dual lance was examined by performing a hot model experiment and a single tuyere test of actual furnace. The hot model experiment results have revealed that with the increase of the flowing velocity of cold air sent from the outer tube of dual lance, the temperature around the tuyere tip falls and the temperature ranging from the raceway and to a dead man surface rises. According to the examination results of gas temperature under the raceway conditions of actual furnace with the use of one-dimensional raceway model, an estimated value of the moving distance of CO2 or temperature peak position of combustion toward the dead man side is 480 mm when the dual lance air curtain method has been taken this time at Kimitsu No. 2 blast furnace. The combustion efficiency of pulverized coal could decrease due to movement of CO2 or temperature peak position of combustion to the dead man side. And in the actual furnace test conducted this time with a single tuyere, the increase range of unburnt char ratio at the inside of dead man is as small as less than 1 % relative to -1 mm fine and the packing structure of dead man surface has been improved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry