Control of dominant conduction orbitals by peripheral substituents in paddle-wheel diruthenium alkynyl molecular junctions

Shiori Ogawa, Swarup Chattopadhyay, Yuya Tanaka, Tatsuhiko Ohto, Tomofumi Tada, Hirokazu Tada, Shintaro Fujii, Tomoaki Nishino, Munetaka Akita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Control of charge carriers that transport through the molecular junctions is essential for thermoelectric materials. In general, the charge carrier depends on the dominant conduction orbitals and is dominantly determined by the terminal anchor groups. The present study discloses the synthesis, physical properties in solution, and single-molecule conductance of paddle-wheel diruthenium complexes 1R having diarylformamidinato supporting ligands (DArF: p-R-C6H4-NCHN-C6H4-R-p) and two axial thioanisylethynyl conducting anchor groups, revealing unique substituent effects with respect to the conduction orbitals. The complexes 1R with a few different aryl substituents (R = OMe, H, Cl, and CF3) were fully characterized by spectroscopic and crystallographic analyses. The single-molecule conductance determined by the scanning tunneling microscope break junction (STM-BJ) technique was in the 10-5 to 10-4G0 region, and the order of conductance was 1OMe > 1CF3 ≫ 1H ∼ 1Cl, which was not consistent with the Hammett substituent constants σ of R. Cyclic voltammetry revealed the narrow HOMO-LUMO gaps of 1R originating from the diruthenium motif, as further supported by the DFT study. The DFT-NEGF analysis of this unique result revealed that the dominant conductance routes changed from HOMO conductance (for 1OMe) to LUMO conductance (for 1CF3). The drastic change in the conductance properties originates from the intrinsic narrow HOMO-LUMO gaps. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10871-10877
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Science
Volume12
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 28 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

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