Convection dynamics and driving mechanism of a small substorm during dominantly IMF By+, Bz+ conditions

Jun Liang, G. J. Sofko, E. F. Donovan, Masakazu Watanabe, R. A. Greenwald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ground-based optical, magnetic and radar measurements detected a small substorm on October 9, 2000. Solar wind observations on GEOTAIL revealed a prolonged dominant Bz+ and steady By+ interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) prior to the substorm onset, except for a southward excursion at 0645-0655 UT, and a "square-wave" IMF Bx-By structure at 0727-0735 UT. We find that the IMF southward excursion led to the dayside convection enhancement and energy transport into the magnetosphere. When the dayside convection decreased, two pseudobreakups occurred as the consequence of the release of magnetospheric energy into the ionosphere. The substorm onset was associated with the IMF Bx-By structure in "directly driven" fashion. There was also a Stage-2 expansion which was internally driven within the magnetotail.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 28 2004

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interplanetary magnetic fields
convection
magnetic field
radar measurement
magnetotails
magnetotail
square waves
optical measurement
magnetospheres
ionospheres
solar wind
magnetic measurement
magnetosphere
energy
ionosphere
radar
expansion
augmentation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Convection dynamics and driving mechanism of a small substorm during dominantly IMF By+, Bz+ conditions. / Liang, Jun; Sofko, G. J.; Donovan, E. F.; Watanabe, Masakazu; Greenwald, R. A.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, No. 8, 28.04.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Greenwald, R. A.

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