Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a malignant tumor showing nerve sheath differentiation. Approximately one-half of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors arise from a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor, which is commonly a neurofibroma in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in a sporadic schwannoma of soft tissue is extremely rare. In this condition, malignant cells usually show epithelioid morphology, meeting the diagnostic criteria for epithelioid malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor. Here, we present an extraordinary case of spindle cell-type malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in a schwannoma on the back of a 58-year-old woman without neurofibromatosis. The malignant component showed hypercellular spindle cell proliferation with high mitotic activities; in contrast, the benign component showed hypocellular spindle cell proliferation in a palisading pattern and with Verocay bodies. Immunohistochemical S-100 protein staining showed a clear contrast between the malignant (negative) and benign (positive) components, which was useful for differentiating cellular schwannoma. Recognizing this rare condition is helpful in the pathologic diagnosis of schwannoma showing cellular proliferation in part.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine