Conversion of endoglycoceramidase-activator II by trypsin to the 27.9 kDa polypeptide possessing full activity: Purification of activator for endoglycoceramidase by trypsin treatment followed by trypsin-inhibitor agarose column application

Makoto Ito, Yuko Ikegami, Akira Omori, Tatsuya Yamagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endoglycoceramidase (EGCase) cleaves the linkage between oligosaccharides and cer-amides of various glycosphingolipids [Ito, M. & Yamagata, T. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 14278-14282]. A detergent was required for EGCase to express full activity, possibly due to its hydrophobic nature. Recently, activator proteins responsible for stimulating EGCase activity in the absence of detergents were isolated from the culture supernatant of Rhodococcus sp. [Ito, M., Ikegami, Y., & Yamagata, T. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 7919-7926]. The activity of activator II specific for EGCase II was heat-labile but insensitive to trypsin-treatment. This activator (69.2 kDa) was converted to the 27.9 kDa polypeptide via the 42 kDa intermediate by exhaustive trypsination, and the stimulatory activity of 27.9 kDa polypeptide on EGCase II was identical to that of the native form toward asialo GM, and cell-surface GM3 of horse erythrocytes as substrates. This observation was successfully applied to obtain the purified activator without contamination with EGCase activity, which is abolished completely following treatment with trypsin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-332
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biochemistry
Volume110
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

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endoglycoceramidase
Trypsin Inhibitors
Sepharose
Trypsin
Purification
Peptides
Detergents
Rhodococcus
Glycosphingolipids
Oligosaccharides
Amides
Horses
Contamination
Hot Temperature
Erythrocytes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Conversion of endoglycoceramidase-activator II by trypsin to the 27.9 kDa polypeptide possessing full activity: Purification of activator for endoglycoceramidase by trypsin treatment followed by trypsin-inhibitor agarose column application",
abstract = "Endoglycoceramidase (EGCase) cleaves the linkage between oligosaccharides and cer-amides of various glycosphingolipids [Ito, M. & Yamagata, T. (1986) J. Biol. Chem. 261, 14278-14282]. A detergent was required for EGCase to express full activity, possibly due to its hydrophobic nature. Recently, activator proteins responsible for stimulating EGCase activity in the absence of detergents were isolated from the culture supernatant of Rhodococcus sp. [Ito, M., Ikegami, Y., & Yamagata, T. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 7919-7926]. The activity of activator II specific for EGCase II was heat-labile but insensitive to trypsin-treatment. This activator (69.2 kDa) was converted to the 27.9 kDa polypeptide via the 42 kDa intermediate by exhaustive trypsination, and the stimulatory activity of 27.9 kDa polypeptide on EGCase II was identical to that of the native form toward asialo GM, and cell-surface GM3 of horse erythrocytes as substrates. This observation was successfully applied to obtain the purified activator without contamination with EGCase activity, which is abolished completely following treatment with trypsin.",
author = "Makoto Ito and Yuko Ikegami and Akira Omori and Tatsuya Yamagata",
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