Conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase during ischemia of the rat small intestine and the effect of trifluoperazine on the conversion

Yuzo Hirata, Kozo Ishii, Tomoaki Taguchi, Sachiyo Suita, Koichiro Takeshige

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conversion from xanthine dehydrogenase (XD) to xanthine oxidase (XO) and the effect of trifluoperazine (TFP), a calmodulin inhibitor, on the conversion were examined during the normothermic ischemia of the rat small intestine. Rat jejunums were stored in lactated Ringer's solution (LR) at 37°C for various hours after intravascular flushing with LR. The extents of the conversion from XD to XO (%XO) constituted 21.1% ± 3.0%, 36.2% ± 7.0%, 63.2% ± 8.1%, and 88.2% ± 8.6% after 0, 2, 4, and 6 hours of the preservation, respectively (control group). The preservation without the intravascular flushing showed significant increase in the %XO (99.5% ± 6.0%) only after 6 hours compared with those in the control group (P < .05). When the intestines were stored in LR containing 50 mg/L of TFP at 37°C, or stored in LR at 37°C after the intraperitoneal pretreatment with 10 mg/kg of TFP 1 hour before laparotomy showed significant decrease in the extents of the conversion after 4 hours (P < .005) and 6 hours (P < .025) of the preservation, compared with those in the control group. When the dose of TFP for the pretreatment was increased to 50 mg/kg, the suppressive effect on the conversion was found even after 2 hours (P < .025) as well as after 4 hours (P < .005) and 6 hours (P < .025) of the preservation. These results suggest that TFP could be effective on reducing the XO-mediated postischemic reperfusion injury by means of inhibiting the conversion during ischemia of the rat small intestine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-600
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993

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Xanthine Dehydrogenase
Trifluoperazine
Xanthine Oxidase
Small Intestine
Ischemia
Control Groups
Jejunum
Calmodulin
Reperfusion Injury
Laparotomy
Intestines
Ringer's solution
Ringer's lactate

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase during ischemia of the rat small intestine and the effect of trifluoperazine on the conversion. / Hirata, Yuzo; Ishii, Kozo; Taguchi, Tomoaki; Suita, Sachiyo; Takeshige, Koichiro.

In: Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Vol. 28, No. 4, 01.01.1993, p. 597-600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The conversion from xanthine dehydrogenase (XD) to xanthine oxidase (XO) and the effect of trifluoperazine (TFP), a calmodulin inhibitor, on the conversion were examined during the normothermic ischemia of the rat small intestine. Rat jejunums were stored in lactated Ringer's solution (LR) at 37°C for various hours after intravascular flushing with LR. The extents of the conversion from XD to XO ({\%}XO) constituted 21.1{\%} ± 3.0{\%}, 36.2{\%} ± 7.0{\%}, 63.2{\%} ± 8.1{\%}, and 88.2{\%} ± 8.6{\%} after 0, 2, 4, and 6 hours of the preservation, respectively (control group). The preservation without the intravascular flushing showed significant increase in the {\%}XO (99.5{\%} ± 6.0{\%}) only after 6 hours compared with those in the control group (P < .05). When the intestines were stored in LR containing 50 mg/L of TFP at 37°C, or stored in LR at 37°C after the intraperitoneal pretreatment with 10 mg/kg of TFP 1 hour before laparotomy showed significant decrease in the extents of the conversion after 4 hours (P < .005) and 6 hours (P < .025) of the preservation, compared with those in the control group. When the dose of TFP for the pretreatment was increased to 50 mg/kg, the suppressive effect on the conversion was found even after 2 hours (P < .025) as well as after 4 hours (P < .005) and 6 hours (P < .025) of the preservation. These results suggest that TFP could be effective on reducing the XO-mediated postischemic reperfusion injury by means of inhibiting the conversion during ischemia of the rat small intestine.",
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