A nation-wide survey on the procedures and facilities of coronary revascularization, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) conducted by the Japanese Coronary Intervention Study (JCIS) group during 1997 revealed that PCI is more often used than CABG and is mainly carried out in low-volume facilities without surgical backup. The present study aimed to investigate the temporal changes in the usage of revascularization therapies and facilities from 1997 to 1999. A questionnaire was mailed in 1998 to the delegates of 1,086 PCI and 582 CABG facilities identified by the previous survey, and 89% of PCIs surveyed and 94% of CABGs surveyed reported back. The number of PCI procedures had increased by 19% from 97,831 to 116,479 and that of CABG procedures also increased by 21% from 16,374 to 19,846. The ratio of PCI to CABG was 5.9 in 1999, showing no significant change from 6.0 in 1997. In parallel, the number of PCI and CABG facilities increased from 888 to 941 and from 442 to 453, respectively. The use of coronary stents and other interventional devices increased during these 2 years. Coronary stents were used regardless of the annual procedural volume of the facilities, whereas other interventional devices, directional and rotational coronary atherectomy, were used mainly in the high-volume laboratories (p<0.01). Beating-heart, off-pump CABG had increased from 2% to 11% of total cases. Continued monitoring of trends in PCI and CABG facilities and procedures will be needed for nation-wide assessment of the use of new technology.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine