The correlation between phase structure and electrochemical properties of La0.83Mg0.17Ni3.1Co0.3Al0.1 was investigated firstly by partial substitution of La with Sm. It was found that the La0.83-xSmxMg0.17Ni3.1Co0.3Al0.1 alloy consists mainly of the Ce2Ni7-type phase, the abundance of which reaches the maximum (92.23 wt.%) at x = 0.2 when x is changed from 0 to 0.4. The alloy containing more Ce2Ni7-type phase exhibited the better the cyclic and high rate discharge ability examined by electrochemical measurements, i.e. the best electrochemical performance was confirmed at x = 0.2. Furthermore, the influence of unit cell volumes of the Ce2Ni7-type main phase on electrochemical properties was investigated systematically based on the comparison of substitution effect of Sm, Nd and Y for La at x = 0.2. Compared to those of Nd- and Y-substitutions, the Sm-substituted alloy containing Ce2Ni7-type main-phase showed better overall electrochemical properties, especially Cmax = 393.3 mAh g–1 and S100 = 87.2%. Such superior electrochemical performance may result from appropriate cell volumes and anti-pulverization abilities.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)