Correlation between shear wave velocity and effective confining pressure using cyclic triaxial testing apparatus

Guojun Liu, Noriyuki Yasufuku, Ryohei Ishikura, Qiang Liu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes struck Kumamoto and Ōita regions and caused several devastating liquefaction induced damages. The primary damage was due to the extreme ground shaking of the foreshock and main shock sequence. Therefore, it is essential to develop a quick reliable approach with a high accuracy to assess the ground situation after foreshock or several shocks. Velocity of small shear wave (Vs) was widely used for evaluating the potential liquefaction. This study investigates the possibility of using Vs as a new indicator of the stress state in the soil after earthquake and evaluation of post liquefaction resistance of soil. Cyclic tri-axial apparatus equipped with bender elements were used to conduct two consecutives liquefaction tests on sandy soil. The Vs measured by bender elements was discussed on the relationship with effective stress during the liquefying processes. The results showed that for the sandy soils, a) Vs could not clearly reflect the significant reduction in resistance at re-liquefaction stages by directly comparing the Vs at the end of consolidation between first and stages, b) The shear wave velocity is significantly affected by effective confining pressure c) the shear wave velocity of 190 m/s was at confining pressure of 100 kPa. The shear wave velocity reaches to after 100 m/s after consolidations and re-consolidations. The shear wave velocity was found to reduce to 100 m/s when the effective confining stress reaches to 0 and to around 25 m/s when the double amplitude reaches to 5%; d) the velocity and effective stress decreases with a similar rate in liquefying process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials, IS-Glasgow 2019
EditorsErdin Ibraim, Alessandro Tarantino
PublisherEDP Sciences
ISBN (Electronic)9782759890644
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 25 2019
Event7th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials, IS-Glasgow 2019 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: Jun 26 2019Jun 28 2019

Publication series

NameE3S Web of Conferences
Volume92
ISSN (Print)2555-0403
ISSN (Electronic)2267-1242

Conference

Conference7th International Symposium on Deformation Characteristics of Geomaterials, IS-Glasgow 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period6/26/196/28/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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