Purpose: To investigate the correlation of cluster of differentiation (CD)4 lymphocyte counts with high-resolution CT (HRCT) findings and distribution of pulmonary tuberculosis. Material and Methods: Thirty-seven bacteriologically proven pulmonary tuberculosis, clinically non-AIDS, patients underwent HRCT and CD4 lymphocyte counts in peripheral blood cells were obtained within 3 days after the CT examinations. Patients were categorized into four groups according to CD4 lymphocyte counts (A >800; B 800-500; C 500-200; D <200). HRCT findings analyzed were as follows: typical, atypical, and mixed findings of post-primary tuberculosis, common, uncommon, and mixed distribution, and number of lobes involved. Results: CD4 lymphocyte counts correlated with the degree of the mixture of atypical CT findings (ρ=0.565, p<0.001) and the degree of the mixture of uncommon distribution (ρ=0.431, p<0.01). Number of involved lobes showed no statistically significant correlation (ρ=0.209, p=0.21). Conclusion: In patients with low CD4 levels, atypical HRCT findings co-exist with typical findings, and uncommon sites are involved in addition to common sites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging