Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a pathogenic factor that increases bone resorption in periodontal diseases. LPS treatment of osteoblasts was shown to induce the receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), an essential secretory or membrane-bound factor for osteoclast function, in a manner dependent on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation. However, the mechanisms regulating this process remained unknown. Here, we show that RANKL mRNA induction and ERK activation, when treated with synthetic lipid A (an active center of LPS), were markedly reduced in mouse osteoblasts lacking Cot/Tpl2, which was recently recognized as an essential kinase for the induction of TNF-α by LPS in macrophages. In contrast, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38 kinase, Raf-1, and NF-κB were normally activated in cot/tpl2-/- osteoblasts. These findings indicate that Cot/Tpl2 is essential for LPS-induced ERK activation and RANKL induction in osteoblasts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes