Countermeasures to decrease and stabilize pressure drop across ceramic tube filter (CTF)

Hiroshi Sasatsu, Rikiya Abe, Tatsuro Harada, Nobuhiro Misawa, Isao Mochida

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (PFBC) combined cycle system which has high plant efficiency due to installed steam turbine and gas turbine, and high performance for environment, becomes a subject of world attention. Two configurations of cyclones and ceramic tube filter (CTF) were examined for gas purification in 71 MWe PFBC plant at Wakamatsu, Electric Power Development CO., LTD. where whole cyclones removed all coarse ashes not sent to CTF in one configuration and the cyclones were partially bypassed in order to send a part of the coarse ash to CTF in another configuration. The first configuration suffered a larger pressure drop across the CTF, which reached 40 to 45 KPa (4,000 mmAq to 4,500 mmAq), and several times of ash plugging, leading to filter breakage during a couple of weeks operation. Increased pressure drop required frequent back pulse cleaning to remove accumulated ash on CTF. Partial bypass of the cyclones reduced very much the pressure drop even if more ash was introduced to CTF, and hence frequency of back pulse cleaning was decreased by the configuration with bypass. No filter breakage was experienced at all, since the cyclone bypass system has been introduced. Thus around 800 hours continuos operation was achieved by the configuration, increasing the efficiency of power generation by 0.5% due to saved auxiliary power for back pulse cleaninig. The roles of coarse ash sent to CTF with cyclone bypassed are discussed in the pressure drop due to the accumulated ash on the CTF.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)988-999
    Number of pages12
    JournalNihon Enerugi Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy
    Volume78
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Fuel Technology
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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