CR-mammography with pixel size of 50 microm and dual-sided reading system: effect of the oblique incident of the X-ray beam on imaging properties and detection

Tadamitsu Ideguchi, Yoshiharu Higashida, Fumio Akazawa, Yasuyuki Kawaji, Makoto Zaizen, Mitsuo Sasaki, Yumiko Nakamura, Masafumi Ohki, Fukai Toyofuku, Hirotaka Ikeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In mammography units, the X-ray tube focal spot is located directly above the chest wall edge of the detector. Therefore, the X-ray beam is incident at a different angle along the cathode-anode axis. When the X-ray beam is incident on the imaging plate (IP) at a relatively large angle, the resolution property of a new imaging plate with dual-sided reading system would be degraded compared with the conventional imaging plate because of the parallax effect, which produces a shift in the image on two sides of the imaging plate. To evaluate the oblique incidence effect of the X-ray beam on the degradation of resolution properties and detection of simulated microcalcifications of a new CR system with a pixel size of 50 microm, its basic imaging properties and observer performance tests were compared with those of a conventional CR system. The resolution properties were evaluated by measuring modulation transfer functions (MTFs). Observer performance tests were conducted to compare the detectability of simulated microcalcifications of CR systems. Degradation of presampling MTFs for the new system is greater than that of the conventional CR system when the X-ray beam was incident at the same angle on the imaging plate. We found that the degradation of the area under the ROC curve (Az) for the new CR system was greater than that of the conventional CR system when the X-ray beam was incident at the same angle on the imaging plate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)833-839
Number of pages7
JournalNippon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai zasshi
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 20 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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