Cracking of Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene with Supercritical Water

Atsushi Kishita, Yuichi Sugai, Shinya Takemori, Shingo Koizumi, Fangming Jin, Heiji Enomoto, Takehiko Moriya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to obtain the basic data in cracking of PE, PP and PS (addition polymerization plastics), experimental investigation was carried out using supercritical water of density of 0.3 g/cm3 at a temperature of 430°C and a pressure of ca. 42 MPa. It was found that these plastics were easily decomposed to oily materials without coke formation and the time required for liquefaction was in the order of PE>PP>PS. The oily products obtained had the main chemical structure of polymers; normal paraffin’s for PE, and 1,3,5-cyclohexane for PP. For PS, styrene monomer was first produced, with a gradual increase in ethyl benzene toluene and stable poly-phenyl hydrocarbons with 2–4 rings, which were different, from oligomer of styrene. The amount of them increased with reaction time. When a decomposition reaction occurred in alkali solution, the decomposition rate decreased, but the reaction mechanism seemed to be unchanged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-13
Number of pages9
JournalResources Processing
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

styrene
Styrene
Polypropylenes
Polystyrenes
polystyrenes
cracking
polypropylenes
Polyethylene
polyethylene
Polyethylenes
plastics
plastic
decomposition
Plastics
Decomposition
cyclohexanes
reaction mechanisms
Ethylbenzene
degradation
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Kishita, A., Sugai, Y., Takemori, S., Koizumi, S., Jin, F., Enomoto, H., & Moriya, T. (2005). Cracking of Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene with Supercritical Water. Resources Processing, 52(1), 5-13. https://doi.org/10.4144/rpsj.52.5

Cracking of Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene with Supercritical Water. / Kishita, Atsushi; Sugai, Yuichi; Takemori, Shinya; Koizumi, Shingo; Jin, Fangming; Enomoto, Heiji; Moriya, Takehiko.

In: Resources Processing, Vol. 52, No. 1, 01.01.2005, p. 5-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kishita, A, Sugai, Y, Takemori, S, Koizumi, S, Jin, F, Enomoto, H & Moriya, T 2005, 'Cracking of Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene with Supercritical Water', Resources Processing, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 5-13. https://doi.org/10.4144/rpsj.52.5
Kishita, Atsushi ; Sugai, Yuichi ; Takemori, Shinya ; Koizumi, Shingo ; Jin, Fangming ; Enomoto, Heiji ; Moriya, Takehiko. / Cracking of Polyethylene, Polypropylene, and Polystyrene with Supercritical Water. In: Resources Processing. 2005 ; Vol. 52, No. 1. pp. 5-13.
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