Creating a unique environment for selecting reactive enzymes with DNA: 'Sticky' binding of oligocation-grafted polymers to DNA

Hiroyuki Tanaka, Takeshi Mori, Takuro Niidome, Yoshiki Katayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To provide colloidally stable polyplexes formed between pDNA and cationic polymers, cationic polymers have been modified with hydrophilic polymers to form a hydrophilic shell. Block copolymers of cationic and hydrophilic polymers and cationic polymers grafted with hydrophilic polymers are representative designs of such polymers. Here, we report a new design of cationic polymers and oligocationic peptide-grafted polymers. We synthesized 15 kinds of graft copolymers by varying the number of cationic charges of the peptides and their grafting density. We found that graft copolymers with less cationic peptides and less grafting density formed colloidally stable polyplexes. Interestingly, the less cationic graft copolymers bind to excess amounts of pDNA. We also found that the graft copolymers showed selectivity toward reactive enzymes affording the reaction of pDNA with nucleases, while suppressing both the replication of DNA by DNA polymerase and gene expression. The suppression of the replication and expression is considered to result from the high capacity of the graft copolymers for binding with pDNA. The polynucleotides produced by DNA polymerase or RNA polymerase would be captured by the graft copolymers to impede these enzymatic reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1346-1353
Number of pages8
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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