We reported previously an important role of cyclic AMP-response element (CRE) for the induction of interleukin-6 gene expression by angiotensin II (AngII). We examined signaling pathways that are responsible for AngII-induced phosphorylation of CRE-binding protein (CREB) at serine 133 that is a critical marker for the activation in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). AngII time dependently induced phosphorylation of CREB with a peak at 5 min. The AngII-induced phosphorylation of CREB was blocked by CV11974, an AngII type I receptor antagonist, suggesting that AngII type I receptor may mediate the phosphorylation of CREB. Inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) by PD98059 or inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) by SB203580 partially inhibited AngII-induced CREB phosphorylation. A protein kinase A inhibitor, H89, also partially suppressed AngII-induced CREB phosphorylation. Inhibition of epidermal growth factor-receptor by AG1478 suppressed the AngII-induced CREB phosphorylation as well as activation of ERK and p38MAPK. Overexpression of the dominant negative form of CREB by an adenovirus vector suppressed AngII-induced c-fos expression and incorporation of [3H]leucine to VSMC. These findings suggest that AngII may activate multiple signaling pathways involving two MAPK pathways and protein kinase A, all of which contribute to the activation of CREB. Transactivation of epidermal growth factor-receptor is also critical for AngII-induced CREB phosphorylation. Activation of CREB may be important for the regulation of gene expression and hypertrophy of VSMC induced by AngII.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology