Crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s as electro-optic chromophore hosts

Andrew Mark Spring, Feng Qiu, Jianxun Hong, Alisa Bannaron, Tsubasa Kashino, Takamasa Kikuchi, Masaaki Ozawa, Hideyuki Nawata, Keisuke Odoi, Shiyoshi Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s have been prepared by ring opening metathesis polymerization. Increasing quantities of a bifunctional norbornene-dicarboximide crosslinker was doped into a high Tg cyclohexyl-substituted norbornene-dicarboximide monomer before polymerization. The wt% of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 4.40 wt%, after which the polymers became gelated. Polymer molecular weights increased drastically from 23,500 to 2,135,000 g/mol, the polydispersities increased from 1.18 to 73.47 and the viscosities increased from 5.27 to 538.7 mPa·s as the wt% of the crosslinker was increased. The trans:cis vinylene ratio remained constant at 1:0.18 as well as the Tg and Td with average values of 210 °C and 392 °C being measured. Five of the crosslinked polymers and the reference homopolymer were utilized as hosts for the high activity tert-butyldiphenylsilyl substituted FTC chromophore guest. The polymer host containing 1.96 wt% crosslinker was found to have a maximum r33 of 78 pm/V when polled at 150 °C with an electric field strength of 100 V/μm. The r33 increased linearly from 63 to 78 pm/V as the wt% of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 1.96 wt%. The thermal and temporal stability was found to increase slightly with the 0.00 wt% polymer exhibiting a stability of 77%, while the 1.96 wt% polymer exhibited a stability of 79% when both were heated to 85 °C and aged for 500 h in air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-271
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Chromophores
Electrooptical effects
chromophores
electro-optics
Polymers
polymers
polymerization
metathesis
Ring opening polymerization
Polydispersity
electric field strength
Homopolymerization
2-norbornene
molecular weight
thermal stability
monomers
Monomers
Molecular weight
Polymerization
Electric fields

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s as electro-optic chromophore hosts. / Spring, Andrew Mark; Qiu, Feng; Hong, Jianxun; Bannaron, Alisa; Kashino, Tsubasa; Kikuchi, Takamasa; Ozawa, Masaaki; Nawata, Hideyuki; Odoi, Keisuke; Yokoyama, Shiyoshi.

In: European Polymer Journal, Vol. 97, 01.12.2017, p. 263-271.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spring, AM, Qiu, F, Hong, J, Bannaron, A, Kashino, T, Kikuchi, T, Ozawa, M, Nawata, H, Odoi, K & Yokoyama, S 2017, 'Crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s as electro-optic chromophore hosts', European Polymer Journal, vol. 97, pp. 263-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.022
Spring, Andrew Mark ; Qiu, Feng ; Hong, Jianxun ; Bannaron, Alisa ; Kashino, Tsubasa ; Kikuchi, Takamasa ; Ozawa, Masaaki ; Nawata, Hideyuki ; Odoi, Keisuke ; Yokoyama, Shiyoshi. / Crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s as electro-optic chromophore hosts. In: European Polymer Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 97. pp. 263-271.
@article{bce07d48bb804bca8269a34f9f9dbbc4,
title = "Crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s as electro-optic chromophore hosts",
abstract = "A series of crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s have been prepared by ring opening metathesis polymerization. Increasing quantities of a bifunctional norbornene-dicarboximide crosslinker was doped into a high Tg cyclohexyl-substituted norbornene-dicarboximide monomer before polymerization. The wt{\%} of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 4.40 wt{\%}, after which the polymers became gelated. Polymer molecular weights increased drastically from 23,500 to 2,135,000 g/mol, the polydispersities increased from 1.18 to 73.47 and the viscosities increased from 5.27 to 538.7 mPa·s as the wt{\%} of the crosslinker was increased. The trans:cis vinylene ratio remained constant at 1:0.18 as well as the Tg and Td with average values of 210 °C and 392 °C being measured. Five of the crosslinked polymers and the reference homopolymer were utilized as hosts for the high activity tert-butyldiphenylsilyl substituted FTC chromophore guest. The polymer host containing 1.96 wt{\%} crosslinker was found to have a maximum r33 of 78 pm/V when polled at 150 °C with an electric field strength of 100 V/μm. The r33 increased linearly from 63 to 78 pm/V as the wt{\%} of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 1.96 wt{\%}. The thermal and temporal stability was found to increase slightly with the 0.00 wt{\%} polymer exhibiting a stability of 77{\%}, while the 1.96 wt{\%} polymer exhibited a stability of 79{\%} when both were heated to 85 °C and aged for 500 h in air.",
author = "Spring, {Andrew Mark} and Feng Qiu and Jianxun Hong and Alisa Bannaron and Tsubasa Kashino and Takamasa Kikuchi and Masaaki Ozawa and Hideyuki Nawata and Keisuke Odoi and Shiyoshi Yokoyama",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.022",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
pages = "263--271",
journal = "European Polymer Journal",
issn = "0014-3057",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s as electro-optic chromophore hosts

AU - Spring, Andrew Mark

AU - Qiu, Feng

AU - Hong, Jianxun

AU - Bannaron, Alisa

AU - Kashino, Tsubasa

AU - Kikuchi, Takamasa

AU - Ozawa, Masaaki

AU - Nawata, Hideyuki

AU - Odoi, Keisuke

AU - Yokoyama, Shiyoshi

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - A series of crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s have been prepared by ring opening metathesis polymerization. Increasing quantities of a bifunctional norbornene-dicarboximide crosslinker was doped into a high Tg cyclohexyl-substituted norbornene-dicarboximide monomer before polymerization. The wt% of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 4.40 wt%, after which the polymers became gelated. Polymer molecular weights increased drastically from 23,500 to 2,135,000 g/mol, the polydispersities increased from 1.18 to 73.47 and the viscosities increased from 5.27 to 538.7 mPa·s as the wt% of the crosslinker was increased. The trans:cis vinylene ratio remained constant at 1:0.18 as well as the Tg and Td with average values of 210 °C and 392 °C being measured. Five of the crosslinked polymers and the reference homopolymer were utilized as hosts for the high activity tert-butyldiphenylsilyl substituted FTC chromophore guest. The polymer host containing 1.96 wt% crosslinker was found to have a maximum r33 of 78 pm/V when polled at 150 °C with an electric field strength of 100 V/μm. The r33 increased linearly from 63 to 78 pm/V as the wt% of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 1.96 wt%. The thermal and temporal stability was found to increase slightly with the 0.00 wt% polymer exhibiting a stability of 77%, while the 1.96 wt% polymer exhibited a stability of 79% when both were heated to 85 °C and aged for 500 h in air.

AB - A series of crosslinked poly(norbornene-dicarboximide)s have been prepared by ring opening metathesis polymerization. Increasing quantities of a bifunctional norbornene-dicarboximide crosslinker was doped into a high Tg cyclohexyl-substituted norbornene-dicarboximide monomer before polymerization. The wt% of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 4.40 wt%, after which the polymers became gelated. Polymer molecular weights increased drastically from 23,500 to 2,135,000 g/mol, the polydispersities increased from 1.18 to 73.47 and the viscosities increased from 5.27 to 538.7 mPa·s as the wt% of the crosslinker was increased. The trans:cis vinylene ratio remained constant at 1:0.18 as well as the Tg and Td with average values of 210 °C and 392 °C being measured. Five of the crosslinked polymers and the reference homopolymer were utilized as hosts for the high activity tert-butyldiphenylsilyl substituted FTC chromophore guest. The polymer host containing 1.96 wt% crosslinker was found to have a maximum r33 of 78 pm/V when polled at 150 °C with an electric field strength of 100 V/μm. The r33 increased linearly from 63 to 78 pm/V as the wt% of the crosslinker was increased from 0.00 to 1.96 wt%. The thermal and temporal stability was found to increase slightly with the 0.00 wt% polymer exhibiting a stability of 77%, while the 1.96 wt% polymer exhibited a stability of 79% when both were heated to 85 °C and aged for 500 h in air.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032861543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85032861543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.022

DO - 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2017.10.022

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85032861543

VL - 97

SP - 263

EP - 271

JO - European Polymer Journal

JF - European Polymer Journal

SN - 0014-3057

ER -