Complex sphingolipids are important components of the lipid bilayer of budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and a defect of the biosynthesis causes widespread cellular dysfunction. In this study, we found that mutations causing upregulation of the cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) pathway cause hypersensitivity to the defect of complex sphingolipid biosynthesis caused by repression of AUR1 encoding inositol phosphorylceramide synthase, whereas loss of PKA confers resistance to the defect. Loss of PDE2 encoding cAMP phosphodiesterase or PKA did not affect the reduction in complex sphingolipid levels and ceramide accumulation caused by AUR1 repression, suggesting that the change in sensitivity to the AUR1 repression due to the mutation of the cAMP/PKA pathway is not caused by exacerbation or suppression of the abnormal metabolism of sphingolipids. We also identified PBS2 encoding MAPKK in the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway as a multicopy suppressor gene that rescues the hypersensitivity to AUR1 repression caused by deletion of IRA2, which causes hyperactivation of the cAMP/PKA pathway. Since the HOG pathway has been identified as one of the rescue systems against the growth defect caused by the impaired biosynthesis of complex sphingolipids, it was assumed that PKA affects activation of the HOG pathway under AUR1-repressive conditions. Under AUR1-repressive conditions, hyperactivation of PKA suppressed the phosphorylation of Hog1, MAPK in the HOG pathway, and transcriptional activation downstream of the HOG pathway. These findings suggested that PKA is possibly involved in the avoidance of excessive activation of the HOG pathway under impaired biosynthesis of complex sphingolipids.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology