Crustal assembly of the Antananarivo and Masora domains, central-eastern Madagascar: Constraints from U-Pb zircon geochronology and whole-rock geochemistry of meta-granitoids

Takashi Ichiki, Masahiro Ishikawa, Jun Ichi Kimura, Ryoko Senda, Raymond Rakotondrazafy

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In reconstructions of the Gondwana supercontinent, correlations of Archean domains between Madagascar and India remain debated. In this paper, we aim to establish correlations among these Archean domains using whole-rock geochemistry and U-Pb zircon geochronology of meta-granitoids from the Masora and the Antananarivo domains, central-eastern Madagascar. A meta-granitoid from the central part of Masora domain is dated at 3277 Ma and shows a typical Archean tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite composition, whereas a tonalitic gneiss from the southeastern part of the Antananarivo domain gives an age of 2744 Ma. The geochemical signature of this tonalitic gneiss differs from that of the-2500 Ma granitoids of the northwestern part of Antananarivo domain. In addition, the geochemical composition of the-760 Ma granitic gneisses is consistent with a volcanic-arc origin for the protolith. Based on the geochemical and geochronological results, along with existing data, we identified three episodes of granitic magmatism in central-eastern Madagascar at-3300, 2700, and 2500 Ma. These three magmatic events are consistent with those reported for the Dharwar Craton in India, suggesting that the Archean Masora and Antananarivo domains in Madagascar were part of the Greater Dharwar Craton during the period of 3300-2500 Ma. The 700-800 Ma volcanic arc granites identified in eastern Madagascar have not been reported in India. Therefore, the subduction of the oceanic plate that led to the formation of these granites likely took place at the western margin of the Greater Dharwar Craton, which included part of eastern Madagascar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-125
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Geology

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