X-ray crystallography reveals that individual molecules of Au3(NC5H4)3 self-associate through aurophilic interactions into two distinct structural motifs that involve both extended chains of molecules connected by pairwise Au···Au contacts and individual Au···Au contacts and discrete dimers linked by pairwise Au···Au contacts. The colorless or pale yellow crystals are remarkable for the formation of a distinct hourglass shape within the crystals that develops after months of standing in the atmosphere or after immersion in 4 M hydrochloric acid for a few days. The hourglass figures appear to result from the deposition of gold and are unusual in being formed by a chemical reaction within a crystal rather than as a result of dying the crystal during growth.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry