Crystal Structures of Two Polymorphic Thallium(I) Salts of the Antibiotic Lasalocid A: A Polymeric Form Involving Metal-Phenyl π-Bonding and a Monomeric Form Involving the “Half-Naked” Metal Ion

Katsuyuki Aoki, Il Hwan Suh, Hideo Nagashima, Jun Uzawa, Hiroshi Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The crystal and molecular structures of two polymorphic lasalocid A-thallium(I) salts, which were prepared from lasalocid A sodium salt and thallium nitrate, have been determined by X-ray diffraction. Salt 1, which was crystallized from aqueous methanol, forms a one-dimensional polymer, [Tl+(lasalocid A-)]n, where the metal ion is coordinated, on one side, to five oxygens of an ionophore molecule and, on the other side, to the phenyl ring of the neighboring molecule, with Tl-O distances of 2.678 (8)-3.363 (10) Å and a Tl-ring (centroid) distance of 3.22 Å. The coordinated oxygens are the hydroxyl O4 and O8, carbonyl O5, and ether O6 and O7. Salt 2, which was crystallized from aqueous methanol-ethylene glycol, forms a monomer, Tl+(lasalocid A-), where the metal ion is coordinated, on one side, to six oxygens of an anion ligand with Tl-O distances of 2.618 (8)-3.202 (8) Å. The coordinated oxygens involve the carboxylate O2 in addition to the five oxygens in 1. The other side of the metal ion is completely naked and exposed to a nonpolar environment provided by hydrophobic alkyl groups of neighboring molecules in the crystal structure. This is the first ionophore-metal complex that lacks three-dimensional nonpolar enclosure of the metal ion. In both salts, the conformational rigidity of the lasalocid A anion molecule is preserved: the pseudocyclic conformation is stabilized by “head-to-tail” O1…H-O8 and also by O2…H-O4 hydrogen bonds, with most of the polar oxygens directed inward to capture the metal ion and with all nonpolar groups outward. The formation of two polymorphic structures under similar crystallization conditions indicates that the Tl+-phenyl η6-bonding in salt 1 is weak. Crystallographic details: for 1, Tl+(C34H53O8-), space group P212121, a = 22.851 (2) Å, b = 11.320 (1) Å, c = 13.790 (2) Å, V = 3567.1 (8) Å3, Z = 4, RF and RwF of 0.056 and 0.036, respectively, for 2573 reflections with F0 > 5σ(F0); for 2, Tl+(C34H53O8-), space group F21,21,21 a = 18.928 (5) Å, b = 18.649 (6) Å, c = 10.054 (1) Å, V= 3549 (1) Å3, Z = 4, RF and Rwf of 0.048 and 0.028, respectively, for 2041 reflections with F0 > 5σ(F0).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5722-5729
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume114
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Crystal Structures of Two Polymorphic Thallium(I) Salts of the Antibiotic Lasalocid A: A Polymeric Form Involving Metal-Phenyl π-Bonding and a Monomeric Form Involving the “Half-Naked” Metal Ion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this